Dear Georgia Southern Students, Parents, Faculty & Staff,
I want to take this opportunity to inform you via the information below of health-related issues across the state, nation, and internationally, that we are continuing to monitor. Thank you for taking the time to consider the information below. I will send out updates on these and other issues as they become available. Please do not hesitate to contact me if I can be of any assistance.
Brian M. DeLoach, M.D.
For information about Georgia Southern’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, click here.
Health Services continues to monitor the measles situation in the United States very closely. Measles is a highly contagious virus that is spread by saliva and respiratory droplets. The illness is characterized by fever, rash, runny nose and red eyes. While most healthy individuals will recover, measles can cause very serious complications, and about 1 out of every 4 cases is hospitalized. Persons at highest risk of serious illness include infants and children under 5 years old, adults over 20 years old, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems, such as from leukemia, HIV or immunosuppressing drugs. Measles vaccine is available and is highly effective at preventing measles. Although measles vaccination is a required childhood vaccine, and it is also required for enrollment at Georgia Southern and other Georgia Board of Regents universities and colleges, some students may not be vaccinated due to various specific exemptions. Despite these exemptions, Health Services strongly recommends that any student, faculty or staff who is not vaccinated or who is unable to show proof of immunity be vaccinated immediately. Measles vaccine is available in the student health centers on both the Statesboro and Armstrong campuses. Other important steps to reduce measles transmission include coughing into your sleeve or elbow, washing your hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol based hand sanitizer, keeping your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth, and staying away from others when sick. For more information about measles, see https://www.cdc.gov/
Acute Flaccid Myelitis
What is AFM? Nationwide, there has been an increase in reported cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) since August 2018. AFM is a rare but serious condition affecting the nervous system, specifically the spinal cord, causing weakness in one or more limbs. Symptoms can include acute onset of facial droop/weakness, drooping eyelids, difficulty moving the eyes, and difficulty swallowing or slurred speech. Rarely, AFM can cause numbness or tingling in the arms or legs, and difficulty passing urine. Some patients might have difficulty breathing due to muscle weakness and need ventilator support.
Who gets AFM? Most reported cases in the US have been in children, but AFM may affect any age group. From January 1 through November 7, 2018, three confirmed AFM cases have been identified in Georgia along with one probable case, and three other cases are currently pending clinical review.
What causes AFM? There is no known single cause of AFM. The condition can be caused by a variety of germs (including viruses), environmental factors and genetics. In some cases, the cause may not be identified.
How is AFM treated? There are no specific treatments recommendations for AFM. Cases typically are referred to neurologists and other specialists who treat diseases affecting the brain and spinal cord.
How can AFM be prevented? There is no single, specific cause of AFM. However, since AFM can develop as a result of a viral infection, taking basic steps to avoid infections and to stay healthy are recommended, including:
- Wash your hands frequently
- Cover your cough or sneeze with your elbow or a disposable tissue
- Stay at home if you are sick
- Stay up to date on all required and recommended vaccinations
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites if you are spending time outside
What should you do if you think you have AFM? If you develop potential symptoms, you should contact your health care provider as soon as possible so that a proper evaluation can be performed.
Where can I learn more about AFM?
– Visit the Georgia Department of Public Health’s website for more information on AFM in Georgia: https://dph.georgia.gov/acute-flaccid-myelitis
– Visit the CDC’s website for more information on AFM in the U.S.: https://www.cdc.gov/acute-flaccid-myelitis/index.html
Mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by the Mumps virus. Mumps typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,and loss of appetite, and is then followed by swelling of the salivary glands. It can also cause swelling of the testicles and ovaries. Anyone who is not immune from either previous Mumps infection or from Mumps vaccination can get mumps. While most students would have been vaccinated as children, some may not have been. Any student, faculty, or staff member who has not been vaccinated for Mumps or is not immune from previous Mumps infection is strongly encouraged to get vaccinated. More information about Mumps in Georgia can be found at https://dph.georgia.gov/
Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness. Serious outcomes of flu infection can result in hospitalization. Some people, such as older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at high risk of serious flu complications. The CDC recommends that everyone over the age of 6 months get a flu shot each year. You should get a flu vaccine before flu begins spreading in your community. It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body that protect against flu, so make plans to get vaccinated early in fall, before flu season begins. CDC recommends that people get a flu vaccine by the end of October, if possible. While getting a flu vaccine will not protect against COVID-19, flu vaccination has many other important benefits. Flu vaccines have been shown to reduce the risk of flu illness, hospitalization and death. Getting a flu vaccine this fall will be more important than ever, not only to reduce your risk from flu but also to help conserve potentially scarce health care resources.
Flu vaccine is available on a walk-in basis Monday through Friday at the Statesboro campus Health Services Pharmacy and the Armstrong Campus Health Center for students, faculty and staff. Additionally, flu vaccine is also available in most other pharmacies throughout the region.
Last updated: 9/22/2020